Volume 01, August 2006

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Now showing 1 - 12 of 12
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    Leaders-Followers' Relation in Organizations: An Islamic Perspective
    (CRP (International Islamic University Chittagong), 2006-08) Ahmad, Abu Bakr Rafique
    The leaders and the followers or the bosses and the sub-ordinates are two essential organs of human society. Progress ol an organization and welfare ol a societv mostly depend on healthy relation of these /H'o important organs of a society. Islam - being a complete code of lif« and a comprehensive social order cannot be ignorant ofa proper guideline regarding this verv important aspect ofhuman society. This study aims at highlighting the attitude of Islam towards this essential aspect ofthe society and tries to give an overview regarding the healthv relations of leaders and followers or the bosses and sub-ordinates in accordance with the teachings and guidelines given hy the Qur'an and Sunnah. To prove that the principles which had been laid down by Islam some 15 centuries ago are still can be considered most practical and utmost beneficialfor ensuring {he healthy relations in a human society.
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    Islamic Management- An Introduction and Its Contrasts to Traditional Management
    (CRP (International Islamic University Chittagong), 2006-08) Ather, Syed Mohammad
    The article gives an introduction 10 Islamic management and its contrasts to traditional management. Islamic management is the achievement o{ 'Halal' (Permissible hy Allah SWT! objectives through the group efforts and co-operation of the members (of the organization) under the boundaries and framework ofrules and principles of Isiam. The fundamental objective of Islamic management is to have the satisfaction and blessings of Allah SWT Islamic management is not just like traditional management. It is strictly based on Islamic rules of 'Shariah'. Its philosophv: ethics, principles, process and procedures all center aroundfirm belie] in Allah SWT and His approved 11"Ul'S ofseuing and achieving 'Haled' objectives. Thus, Islamic management is such (/ management hy practicing which a Muslim manager call he equally benefited in this us well asin the after world Islamic management has got sharp contrast to traditional management as to objectives, philosophv, principles, features, and decision-making process.
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    Interrelationship Between Globalisation And National Responsiveness: An Analytical Approach
    (CRP (International Islamic University Chittagong), 2006-08) Rana, Bakhtiar; Sobhani, Farid Ahammad
    This paper presents a theoretical argument on the Globalisation' and 'National Responsiveness'; the most talked about issues of today's business 'world, whether they are diametrically opposed or symbiotic. The degree of relationship between Globalisation and National Responsiveness are also shown through the analysis of different cases of l\{HCS. Different international cases of lvfNCs have been critically discussed in the argument in different viewpoints of Globalisation and National Responsiveness. However. A matrix, 'Globalisation and National Responsiveness' has been discussed to analyze the strategic viewpoints of MNCs while considering the globalization effect and national responsiveness in global business operation. The argument of the paper has been viewed in fwo dimensions, one is how does national responsiveness impact on the corporate culture of lvfNCs international business and two is how does national responsiveness affect the business operation (Such as marketing) in international business.
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    Credit Market & Economic Development of Bangladesh: Review, Impact Analysis and Constraints
    (CRP (International Islamic University Chittagong), 2006-08) Karim, Mohammed Shamsul; Rabbi, Yasir
    Supplv of credit and economic development arc inter related. The evolut ion of credit is more than 9000 rears back. Front the very beginning of history, credit performed different types of function embedded [rom the transferring process of resources to the he/ping the poor to alleviate the povcrtv /('I'cI. There are different I,i('\\'s of credit, which are leveled as old views, monetary views and modern views, While monetarv views preferred restriction on credit for the balanced development of the economy, the modern views have worked to diminish the credit market imperfection for the expected economic development. Because of credit market imperfection, credit was }IOT allocated proportionately in different sectors in Bangladesh, Moreover, the total credit market \I'as not coordinated, Here, micro credit market was remaining out of any kind of surveillance. To overcome (lin' kind of imperjection, appropriate legal system need to be developed in Bangladesh considering the wholestic view of credit, In addition, institutional surveillance for micro credit and access to credit information is essential to overcome the market imperfection ami for the economic development of Bangladesh,
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    Goal Programming: A Modern Management Technique in Decision Making
    (CRP (International Islamic University Chittagong), 2006-08) Khan, Mohammed Shamim Uddin; Rahman, Muhammad Mahbubur
    Managerial objectives varv according to the characteristics, types, philosophy, and particular environmental conditions of the organization. There is no single universal goal for all organizations. However, in modem times most of the business and industrial organizations do not consider profit maximization as their sole objective and goal. They are equally concerned abo market share goals, financial liquidity goals, emplovment goals, production goals etc. Besides, a wide range of social, political, economic and ethical aspects are increasingly being treated CIS goals bv organizations. Thus, modem management has multiple conflicting objectives. This multiple conflicting objectives problem cannot be solved easily by traditional mathematical Techniques. Goal programming is the 1I10st appropriate quantitative technique for solving such complex decision making problems. This paper shades light on the concept, philosophy and applicabilitv of goal programming model in managerial decision.
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    Role of Islamic Universities of The Modern Age Towards Islamization of Knowledge
    (CRP (International Islamic University Chittagong), 2006-08) Sina, Abu; Jahangi, A.N.M. Abdullah
    Knowledge (lim) is power. Islam makes "Education" or "Acquiring Knowledge" obligatory for eve/}' Muslim, male orfemale. Muslims considered seeking 'intellectual' or 'human' knowledge as 'lbadah' or religious service that brings blessings and pleasure of Allah, in the same way as they considered seeking 'revealed' knowledge. According to Islam human knowledge has two main sources: Divine source and human source. So 'Knowledge' is obtained either through revelation or through human intuition, reason, rational thinking, deduction, experience or empirical observation. It is evident that there was no contradiction or conflict between clergy and scientists or between 'religious' and 'scientific' knowledge. Under the above circumstances Muslim scholars around the world struggled to find out solutions for this conflicting dualism in education. Their suggestions were establishment of 'Islamic University'. It was not meant only to facilitate higher education and research in 'Islamic disciplines', but also to teach other disciplines of humanities and science in the light of Islamic perspective, Islamic thoughts, ideals and values. In other word it was meant for 'Islamization of Knowledge'. Islamization has two-fold job: first: expanding, upgrading and modernizing Islamic disciplines, second: connecting all other disciplines to Islamic faith and values. The article identifies the roles played by the Islamic Universities especially i) AI- Imam Muhammad Bin Saud Islamic University, Riyadh; ii) International Islamic University, Islamabad; iii) International Islamic University Malaysia; and ivy Islamic University, Kushtia, Bangladesh towards Islamization of knowledge. International Islamic University, Chittagong, Bangladesh also plays a vital role in Islamization of knowledge in Bangladesh. Thus it is seen that the universities in the Muslim countries were established upon a unique and unified Islamic system. Under this system they produced numerous scientists, philosophers, thinkers, intellectuals and scholars who preserved and developed the human heritage in all fields of humanities and science, carried the torch of learning and led the world toward knowledge. These Universities also produced scholars in Islamic theology and jurisprudence, who mastered knowledge of the Holy Qura-n and Hadith. They knew all mailers affecting the lives of Muslims. They also had good command on all the disciplines from literature and philosophy to medicine and astronomy. They have got the clear-sighted, intuitive knowledge of Islamic law and ethics. They got the ability of '!jtihad'.
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    Categorization Effects and Shareholders' Attitude in Bangladesh
    ((CRP), International Islamic University Chittagong, Bangladesh), 2006-08) Islam, Sreajul; Hassan, Rizwan
    This paper briefly presents research findings regarding the categorization effects on the shareholders' attitude in Bangladesh. The Securities and Exchange Commission classifies all listed companies into different categories on the basis of some specific criteria in order to protect the interest of investors. This paper reveals that there are two schools of thought regarding categorization effects on shareholders' attitude. One school views that investors prefer and buy the company's shares on the basis of categorization. They want to invest in the companies on the priority basis from the various categories serially in order to reduce risks. Thus they encourage categorization system and think that they are getting benefit from the categorization system. The other school views that categorization is irrelevant, as it cannot affect the value of the firm in a perfect market. It reveals that investors prefer to invest in the companies' shares on the basis of growth rate and future prospects. They do not emphasize more on payout ratio and on AGM. They think that categorization cannot be useful for valuation of growth companies.
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    An Overview of Conceptual Framework of Organizational Models for Higher Educational Institutions
    ((CRP), International Islamic University Chittagong, Bangladesh), 2006-08) Ahmed, Jashim Uddin; Faruqui, Golam Ahmed; Zubayer, Mahmud
    This paper includes a critical review of few organizational models for higher education institutions. Most researches focused on those conceptual frameworks for higher educational institutions which are being used throughout the institutions of higher educations of the world. Governance structures for institutions of higher education emerge from an intricate interweaving of historic and contextual factors. Readers willfind all these models are very useful in order to explain why institutions of higher educations behave as they do.
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    Fields of Cyber Legislation in the LDCs: Bangladesh Perspective
    ((CRP), International Islamic University Chittagong, Bangladesh), 2006-08) Rahman, Osiur; Rahman, Mahhabubur
    Since Bangladesh is one of the LDcs, it is trying to prevail over all the drawbacks for graduation. Modem technology, particularly computer as well as Internet has necessarily become the significant of part of development process. But the inevitability of computer and Internet for development has exposed many new areas of legislative initiative. Human resource development, JeT infrastructure, e-governance, e-commerce, software industry, hardware industry, social welfare. health care, agriculture, poverty reduction, environment, transportation, tourism, judiciary, regional and international co-operation etc are depending upon computer and internet. This dependency claims legislation in the differentfields
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    Fundamental Principles of Islamic Economic System: A Brief Overview
    ((CRP), International Islamic University Chittagong, Bangladesh), 2006-08) Bhuiyan, Mohammad Shafiul Alam
    Islam is a complete code of life. It has given solution to all problems of our individual, social, political, economic and global lives. Islam has laid down its fundamental economic principles and prescribed some limits for economic activities of mankind in the Holy Qur'an & Sunnah. This paper is an attempt to identify the fundamental principles of Islamic economic system in brief It is a completely desk-based research. Al-Qur'an, different Hadiths, Islamic literatures, and other various research publications have been consulted to find out the basic principles of Islamic economic system.
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    Government Plans and Programmes for Poverty Alleviation in Rural Bangladesh: A Critical Appraisal
    ((CRP), International Islamic University Chittagong, Bangladesh), 2006-08) Nahar, Nurun
    Alleviation of poverty has been one of the core objectives 0/ the successive Plans 0/ Bangladesh. The growth in GDP during the period of all the plans was much below the target. The plansfailed to have desired impact on growth, income and wealth distribution. Neither the overall growth nor poverty focused sectoral development nor did structural changes, nor institutional reforms (land reform and administrative decentralization) take place after independence in any meaningful way to make a major breakthrough in poverty alleviation. The Government has introduced many programmes for socio-economic upliftment of the rural poor in Bangladesh. However, the poverty situation, despite showing some signs of improvement, is still very acute. The paper highlights the reasons for the less than expected levels of impact of the GOB programmes on poverty and suggests policy measures for future course of action. The micro-credit programmes implemented by government agencies as well as NGOs have some positive impacts in the programme-areas in terms 0/ education, employment, productivity and socio-economic conditions. In this respect, the BRDB's RD-12 programme has been a viable project. Employments in non farm sector and participation of women in the labour force have increased. A comparison between the approaches of GO and NGO programmes in poverty alleviation is given. Nevertheless, in spite of the various interventions over the years, alleviation of poverty remains a major challenge/or Bangladesh.
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    Effective Method of Teaching English at the Tertiary Level: A Study in the Context of Bangladesh
    ((CRP), International Islamic University Chittagong, Bangladesh), 2006-08) Yasmin, Selim
    This article deals with the teaching learning process of English as a foreign language. In the present world English is the main media of communication. But the present condition of English teaching learning process in the educational institutions of Bangladesh is very poor. So, it has become essential for the Bangladeshis to learn this international language correctly and efficiently. This article is based all personal observation and experience of the author. After discussing the importance of learning English in Bangladesh, the present condition of teaching English in the Tertiary Level and its drawbacks have been pointed out. Different methods of language teaching learning process have also been incorporated in the paper. It was obvious from the study that the Eclectic Approach may be the best approach in teaching English as a foreign language. Some measures have been suggested at the end of the article for making teaching- learning process more effective