Modeling, Simulation, And Techno-Economic Analysis Of A Virtual Power Plant: A Case Study In The Perspective Of Bangladesh

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Department of Computer Science and Engineering


Bangladesh is a developing country and it’s population density is about 1265 per square kilometer. In comparison to all other energy sources, fossil fuels account for the majority of electricity production in Bangladesh. Due to the lacking of smart distribution of energy, the country unable to meets with proper demand of electricity. So this paper has been taken virtual power plant (VPP) to develop smart energy distribution system in the country. The concept of a virtual power plant (VPP) has arisen in order to control distributed generation and improve its exposure in power markets, also it can qualify the sharing of those renewable energy resources to electricity market. A series of distributed generators (DGs), Energy Storage Systems (ESSs), and regulated loads that are compiled and then operated by an energy management system (EMS) called a virtual power plant (VPP). Just like any other developing countries, Bangladesh is also facing a major power crisis. We have to think economically because of our limited resources. We know that virtual power plant is playing an important role in American & European electricity markets .By using information and communication technology(ICT), distributed generation units, active users, and energy storage can be linked and aggregated into an intelligent plant network. This makes fresh trading opportunities as well as prospects for frequency management in the energy industry, stability of the power supply grid and voltage. Moreover, through the market-oriented integration of clean energy and efficient technology through VPP, greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced effectively. This thesis represents the conception & types of virtual power plant (VPP). The simulation of this model for IIUC describes that the developed system in this thesis is capable of sharing power to the grid. The VPP model & simulation of the curves displayed by using MATLAB- SIMULINK. This thesis mentions three DG control unit which is controlled by auto control system (ACS). Also the total harmonic distortion analysis on various signal of VPP has been figured out in this paper. Finally, this thesis has been tried to set up a discussion about the techno-economic analysis of the proposed VPP that has been designed in the perspectives of IIUC. The per kWh cost reduction by this system is about 45.32 million Taka annually which is 53% of total cost. So this will make a great contribution to the power sector of Bangladesh


submitted by Khaled Arju, bearing Matric ID. ET-163018 and Borhan Uddin, bearing Matric ID. ET-163023 of session Spring 2020