Hand Sign Language Recognition for Bangla Alphabet using Support Vector Machine

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The sign language considered as the main language for deaf and dumb people. So, a translator is needed when a normal person wants to talk with a deaf or dumb person. In this paper, we present a framework for recognizing Bangla Sign Language (BSL) using Support Vector Machine. The Bangla hand sign alphabets for both vowels and consonants have been used to train and test the recognition system. Bangla sign alphabets are recognized by analyzing its shape and comparing its features that differentiates each sign. In proposed system, hand signs are first converted to HSV color space from RGB image. Then Gabor filters are used to acquire desired hand sign features. Since feature vector obtained using Gabor filter is in a high dimension, to reduce the dimensionality a nonlinear dimensionality reduction technique that is Kernel PCA has been used. Lastly, Support Vector Machine (SVM) is employed for classification of candidate features. The experimental results show that our proposed method outperforms the existing work on Bengali hand sign recognition.



Bangla sign language, HSV, Gabor filter, Kernel PCA, Support Vector Machine