Analysis the Performance of mm Wave Microstrip Patch Antenna (MPA) with Array for 5G Applications

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2022-11

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Department of Electronic and Telecommunication Engineering

Abstract

The evaluation of Microstrip antenna performance has changed from a simple free space evaluation, where things like efficiency, gain, bandwidth, and matching were looked at, to a much more complicated process that takes into account the end-user and real-world environments. This process of evaluating is still going on, and both academics and industry people are coming up with better ways to evaluate antennas. This thesis gives new ideas about how to improve antennas parameters. Microstrip antennas have become a part and parcel of today’s mobile communication world due to their low cost, low profile and ease of fabrication in the circuit boards. However, poor performance, such as low power handling efficiency, limited bandwidth, low gain, etc. The next 5th generation (5G) application’s communication will experience significant route loss since high frequency bands will be employed. So, a high gain antenna is necessary for this issue. Since microstrip antennas are small, they are a great choice for 5G technology applications.Therefore, the primary goal of this research project is to create a high-gain & high efficient antenna using a ambient microstrip patch antenna. The antenna operates on the 28 GHz band and was built and tested using CST Microwave Studio. Laminate material is used as a surface close to 2.2 with relative permittivity. Analysis the performance by implementing the MIMO and array. The gain, bandwidth, return loss, VSWR and efficiency of the 1x4 array antenna designed is 9.32 dBi, 9.5 GHz, 34.55 dB, 1.03 and nearly 94% respectively.

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